Barbury Castle is an Iron Age hill fort that is situated near Wroughton which is a large village in North Wiltshire. Barbury Castle is one of several forts found along the Ridgeway route.
Barbury Castle lies within the Wessex Downs which is an area of outstanding natural beauty and is also an local vantage point, which, with the ideal weather can get a view across to the Cotswolds and the River Severn.
It has two deep defensive ditches and ramparts. The Old Ridgeway runs close by and the modern Ridgeway crosses through the castle which makes it very popular with local walkers.
The site was first occupied around 2500 years ago and was also used during the Roman occupation of the local area.
Archaeological investigations at Barbury have shown evidence of a number of buildings, indicating a village or military garrison around this time.
In more recent times during World War Two, US troops were based there manning anti-aircraft guns.